Heart is the pump house of the body. The heart is located inside the ribcage in the center of the chest. The muscular walls of the heart contract and relax to pump the blood to different parts of your body.


 

The anatomy of heart shows the below sections:

. The heart has 4 chambers—the right and left atria (shown in light blue) and right and left ventricle (shown in dark blue)

. The ventricle on the right side of your heart pumps blood from your heart to your lungs.

. The left atrium receives oxygen-rich blood from your lungs.

. The pumping action of your left ventricle sends this oxygen-rich blood through the aorta (shown in brown) to the rest of the body

. The superior and inferior vena cava is largest veins of the body. They carry the oxygenpoor blood from the body back to the heart.
Oxygen-rich blood from your lungs passes through the pulmonary veins into the rest of the body.

. The picture showsyour heart's four valves. Shown counterclockwise in the picture, the valves include the aortic valve, the tricuspid valve, the pulmonary valve, and the mitral
valve. These valves regulate the flow of blood.

 

.Heart disease is one of the major complications you need to worry about if you are a Diabetic!

.Diabetes, owing to its very nature, can be called as ‘Mother” of heart diseases including High Blood Pressure, strokes and heart attacks.

.People suffering from Diabetes are at high-risk of Atherosclerosis, a condition caused by fatty deposits (plaque) in the inner lining of the blood vessels.These fatty deposits may partially or completely stop the flow of blood.

Causes of Heart Diseases - Heart problems occur more often in persons with diabetes because of

. Raised blood sugar levels damage blood vessels, make them thick, hard and less elastic, thereby  causing reduction in blood flow.

.The cholesterol in the blood, (due to lack of insulin action) clog the blood vessels and restrict blood flow.

.Loss of the pumping action of the blood vessels which result from prolonged high blood sugars that damage the heart muscles.

Diabetes, by driving inflammation and slowing blood flow, drammatically accelerates atherosclerosis

The symptoms of diabetes related atherosclerosis are similar to the atherosclerosis arising from another causes 

The atherosclerosis symptoms depend upon the palce of narrowing or blockage.

   

The symptoms of atherosclerosis in a dibetic patient include

. Chest Pain (angina)

. Numbness or weakness in arms and legs 

. Slurred speach 

. Drooping muscles of your face

. Leg pain when walking a fixed distance

. Abnormal heart rhythm

 

If left untreated, atherosclerosis can eventually lead  to stroke or heart attack. The following steps will help to prevent atherosclerosis:

. Avoid high cholesterol foods which include meat and fried items.

. Avoid trans fats, found for example in margarine ,hydrogenated oil or some processed food

. watch your salt intake, especially of refined salt

. Make sure you get enough selenium and chromium in your diet 

. Quit smoking

. Maintain healthy weight; if you are overweight or obese, work towards reducing your weight, proper diet and excercise