Anatomy Kidney is one ofthe most complex and engineered part of the human body. It is located near the vertebral column at the small of the back. The kidneys are dark-red, bean-shaped organs.

. One side ol The kidney bulges outward (convex) andthe other side is indented (concave).
The cavity attached To the indented side is called as Renal Pelvis which exters as The ureter

. The kidney is enclosed in a renal capsule which protects The kidney against disease or accidents

. The kidney is divided into renal cortex and renal medulla, both ot which contain a complex network oi blood vessels which supply blood To The kidney.

. The renal rnedulla coniains The cone shaped renal pyramids with areas in between known as renal columns.

. The microscopic functional units ot The kidney are known as nephrons which are responsible for filtering The blood. 


Diabetes is The most common cause of kidney failure among patients. If measures concerning diabetes are notTaken care on Time, it can lead to Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and kidney failure.


Diabet related Kidney Disease

In the early course, patients suffering from diabetes generally don't show any symptoms. They develop symptoms in late stages and may be a result of excretion of high amounts of protein in the urine or due to renal failure.The following symptoms are the warning signs of kidney disease:-

. Poor appetite    

. Nausea and vomiting

. Malaise (general ill feeling)

. Fatigue

. Headache

. Frequent hiccups

. Generalized itching

. Swelling, usually around the eyes in the mornings; later, general body swelling may result, such as swelling of the legs

. Large amounts of protein in the urine

. Foamy appearance or excessive frothing ofthe urine

. Blood in the urine leading to pink or cola-colored.

. Unintentional weight gain due to fluid accumulation

. Decreased filtering of wastes from the blood

. Low blood protein occurs due to leakage of protein in urine.


The symptoms may occur due to other causes also and does not necessarily indicate kidney damage. Therefore these symptoms should be judged only by the physician.


1.Keep the glucose levels as close to your goals as possible.

2.Maintain healthy weight; if you are overweight or obese, work towards reducing your weight

3.Take a low protein diet. Avoid Trans fats, found for example in margarine, hydrogenated oils and some processed foods.

4.Consume healthy diet which includes healthy herbs and supplements, fresh fruits and vegetables, especially raw and organic ones and more dietary fiber.

5.Maintain a blood pressure below |30/80 mmHg to help prevent kidney damage.

6.Have your kidneys checked at least once a year by having your urine tested for protein.

7.Have your blood tested at least once a year for creatinine.

8.Avoid taking painkillers regularly. Daily use of pills like aspirin or cetaminophen can damage the kidneys.

9.See a doctor right away for bladder or kidney infections. You may have an infection if you have these symptoms:

I Pain or burning when you urinate.

II A frequent urge to go to the bathroom.

III Urine that looks cloudy or reddish.

VI Fever or a shaky feeling.

V Pain in your back or on your side below the ribs.