Preventing Diabetic foot Disease

With appropriate care, it is possible to dramatically reduce incidence of diabetic foot disorders

Tips to avoid complication of diabetic foot disease.

  • Always wear wellpadded, cotton socks with shoes
  • Change socks every day
  • Don't wear shoes or slippers that are open at the toes 
  • Don't wear high-heeled shoes or shoes that are narrow at the toes
  • Don't wear uncomftable or tight shoes
  • Buy shoes at the end of the day when your feet are a little swollen, so that they feel comfortable at all times of the day
  • Check your shoes everyday day for tiny stones. They can cause cuts or blisters
  • Take your doctor's advice before you buy shoes

Diabetic Foot Care ....What you must know!

Poor blood sugar control can lead to diabetic neuropathy, a type of never damage. Never damage in the feet increases the risk of various foot complication. The never and vascluar damage resulting from diabetes can cause.

  • Loss of protective sensation in the feet.
  • Poor circulation.
  • Poor healing of foot ulcers.

Any foot injury or wound left untreated can become serious infections that may require surgical removal of the infected toe, foot or even leg.

Diabetic foot disorders are classified into –

Neuropathic Foot Ischemic Foot

A careful physical examination, patient education regarding foot hygiene, nail care and proper footwear is crucial to reducing the risk of diabetic foot disorders.

  • Neuropathic foot where ulcers develop on the tip of the toes. The ulcer first appears as a callus (toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard). If the callus is not removed, it will result in hemorrhage, death of tissue and eventually ulcers.
  • Ischemic foot is characterized by lesions on the margin of the foot and the absence of callus.

Syptons of Diabetic foot disorders

Diabetes patients should learn how to examine their own feet and how to recognize the early signs and symptoms of diabetic foot problems. Some of these symptoms include –

 

 

 

  • Persistent pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling of the feet or legs
  • Pain in the legs or buttocks which increases while walking but improves with rest
  • Loss of hair growth on lower legs and feet
  • Hard shiny skin on the legs
  • Localized warmth
  • Calluses and corns
  • Persistent bloody drainage or drainage of pus from a wound